De Noordelijke provincies van Zweden, Noorwegen, Finland en tegenwoordig ook Rusland werken meer en meer samen onder de noemer Barents regio. Niet in het minst om de economische structuur van het gebied (waronder toerisme) te versterken.
Samengewerkt wordt ondermeer in de Barents Euro-Arctic regio Dit is een regionaal samenwerkingsverband binnen het meest noordelijke gedeelte van Zweden, Noorwegen, Finland en Rusland.
Een voorbeeld van economische ontwikkeling (met name toerisme) is de Barents Road.
Ook op wetenschappelijk gebeid wordt veel samengewerkt, met name als het gaat om het behoud van cultuur en milieu in het gehele arctische gebied. Een voobeeld hiervan is The Arctic centre
The Barents Euro-Arctic Region, is the regional co-operation in the most northerly part of Sweden, Norway, Finland and Northwest Russia. The region is sparsely populated and mainly located to territories on the Arctic Circle that are tied to an Arctic dimension. Several indigenous peoples live in the region, the climate is severe, travelling distances are long and the infrastructure is often inadequate. The region is rich in natural resources but its environment is vulnerable.
Co-operation and trade within the region has origins that are many thousands years old. Connections and trade roads in east-west direction has contributed to the development of Arctic cultural patterns which have promoted cross-boarder co-operation, interregional trade and regional progress.
Europe has alternately built and torn walls which has formed today’s co-operation and development in the north. The foundation of this co-operation was laid by the North Calotte co-operation in the early 1960th and was given a stronger position through the formation of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region, in 1993.
Geography and Population
The Barents Region includes the northernmost regions in Northwest Russia, Finland, Norway and Sweden, an area in total 1.75 million km2 with a population of 6 million inhabitants.
The Territories of the Barents Region
- Norrbotten and Västerbotten Counties
- Finnmark, Troms and Nordland Counties
- Lapland and Northern Osterbothnia regional Councils
- Komi and Karelian Republics, Murmansk and Archangelsk Regions, Nenets Autonomous Area
Vision and Organisation
The vision is a region characterised by stability, prosperity, progress and sustainable development, and the Barents co-operation as an integral part of creating a stable, democratic and prosperous Europe. This vision is being realised by developing contacts between people and strengthening the regional identity.
The co-operation is founded on the basis of two principal documents:
1) An international agreement, "The Kirkenes Declaration", signed in 1993 by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs or representatives of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation, Sweden and the Commission of the European Communities.
2) A regional agreement signed in 1993, by connected regional authorities and a represent for the Saami people.
The Barents co-operation is on the national level lead by the Barents Euro Arctic Council – BEAC, and on the regional level by the Barents Regional Council, -BRC.
The Barents Euro-Arctic Council was established as a forum for intergovernmental cooperation in the Barents region. A number of observer States’ participates; Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Germany and USA.
The Barents Euro Arctic Council assembles and makes its decisions in consensus on foreign minister level or other relevant ministry level. The work is conducted by subsidiary bodies to the BEAC and the BRC in different fields such as: economics, the northern sea route, environment (nuclear safety), energy, youth policies, exchange programmes, transport planning, health, customs and forestry.
The Regional Council consists of regional representatives from the political or administrative leadership in the member regions. The decision-making is also made in consensus. The work and the activities are managed by networks, concentrated to indigenous people, culture, education, economy, forestry, environment, IT, communications and infrastructure.
(bron: County Administrative Board of Norrbotten, Sweden)
Det officiella nordiska samarbetet kanaliseras genom de båda organisationerna Nordiska rådet och Nordiska ministerrådet. Nordiska rådet som bildades 1952, är parlamentarikernas samarbetsforum. Rådet har 87 medlemmar, representerande de fem länderna och de tre självstyrande områdena. Rådsmedlemmarna sitter i ländernas parlament, nomineras av respektive parti och väljs av parlamentet. Direkta val till Nordiska rådet förekommer således inte.
BIS is an Internet based information service established to disseminate information about the Barents Euro-Arctic Co-operation. BIS is administered by the Barents Secretariat in Kirkenes.
Economy and Environment in the Barents Region is a databank containing up-to-date information on the north-west Russian regions bordering and close to Scandinavia. The regions analysed are the Russian parts of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region i.e. the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk Oblasts (Regions), and the Republic of Karelia. Information on the Republic of Komi, which is an applicant for membership in the Barents Region, is also included.
The databank also describes the economic and environmental conditions in the Nordic parts of the Barents Region. The regions covered are the Provinces of Lapland and Oulu in Finland, Norrbotten and Västerbotten in Sweden, as well as Nordland, Troms, and Finnmark in Norway.
Finnbarents is een joint project unit van de University of Lapland en de Rovaniemi Polytechnic. Ze zijn gespeciliseerd in project management voor development projects. Finnbarents doet dienst als hulpcentrum voor de regionale spelers die projecten willen uitvoeren. Ze bieden informatie, consultatie en ook onderwijs in project management en alle aanverwante gebieden.
Barents Väg Förening - Barents Road - is een samenwerkingsverband gericht op het totstand brengen van een goede verbinding tussen een aantal noordelijke gemeentes. De weg loopt van Bodo in Noorwegen via Luleå in Zweden, Rovaniemi in Finland naar Murmansk in Rusland. De Barents Road beoogt zowel de locale economie te ondersteunen (ontwikkeling van het toerisme) als een bijdrage te zijn aan natuurbehoud. De organisatie zegt het als volgt:
"Come along on a journey from west to east, on the new, extended top of Europe – along Barents Road from the Norwegian Atlantic coast to the Russian Barents Sea. A journey of some 1500 kilometres along the northern Arctic Circle with nature, culture and experiences, which are possible only within the Barents region – one of Europe’s up and coming areas.
Barents Road is a novel eco-journey, which needs to be experienced in its entirety through the four countries. A journey, which is considered both helpful and being of a service for nature conservation and well being of the local people, is called eco-travel. Using the services along the Barents Road, staying overnight in the hotels and fell cottages is a way of giving support to the sustainability of the region. This way the traveller also respects and promotes peaceful coexistence and international understanding between Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Along this new Millennium Road the adventurers, who seek new experiences, and those tourists interested in culture, will find new challenges."
Een uitgebreide reisgids barents Road (met veel foto's) is te downloaden op de site van Barents Road.
Located at the University of Lapland, the Arctic Center conducts research on the environmental and cultural problems which result from industrial development in the North. This site contains information on the Centre's mission and programs.
The Polar Web is your guide to Internet resources dealing with the lands and waters surrounding the North Pole and the South Pole, and with other cold regions of the Earth. All subjects disciplines are covered from the physical sciences and life sciences, through the social sciences and the native peoples, to the engineering/technology disciplines. The one guiding feature is their setting in cold climates.
The Polar Web is a collaborative project of the Polar Libraries Colloquy. It is managed by the Arctic Centre at the University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.